When an Arizona law enforcement official pulls you over and asks to look around your car, the results of that search may lead to legal trouble. However, you may be able to avoid having authorities search your car or truck in the first place by knowing your rights and exercising them appropriately.
According to FlexYourRights.org, you have the right to say no to an officer’s search request unless that officer is in possession of one of three things. The officer may be able to move forward with a legal search of your vehicle if he or she has your consent, a warrant, or something that constitutes probable cause.
What counts as probable cause
While a warrant gives authorities grounds to search your car, probable cause does the same. Probable cause is some type of evidence of wrongdoing. If the officer on the scene sees something illegal in your car in plain sight, this may count as probable cause. Sometimes, even smells coming from your car are enough to give an officer probable cause for a vehicle search.
What happens when there is no probable cause
When the officer who pulls you over does not have probable cause or a warrant, the only way he or she may move forward with a search of your car is if you allow it. You do not have to allow the search to take place, but the officer may not share this information with you.
If you decide to say no to an officer’s search request, stay cordial when doing so. Challenging an officer’s authority, or exercising rudeness during any law enforcement encounter, is unlikely to work in your favor.